Fat Loss Fundamentals: what the professionals say

Science-Based Strategies for Effective Weight Loss


Losing body fat can be a challenging process, often accompanied by relapses and frustration. To shed light on this topic, we interviewed five highly qualified nutrition experts who shared their insights on the most effective science-based strategies for losing body fat. While there is no one-size-fits-all approach, understanding the fundamentals can provide a solid foundation for achieving sustainable results. In this article, we will explore the key principles and practical tips shared by these experts.

  1. Fat Loss Fundamentals – Dr. Eric Helms: Dr. Eric Helms, a respected researcher in the field of nutrition, emphasized that fat loss primarily stems from an energy deficit. Consuming fewer calories than your body needs is essential to trigger fat loss. Additionally, he highlighted the significance of stimulating muscle through progressive resistance exercise. Dr. Helms outlined the following key factors for maximizing fat loss while preserving muscle mass:


  • Energy deficit: Consume fewer calories than you need for weight maintenance.
  • Progressive resistance exercise: Incorporate weightlifting or resistance training to preserve muscle mass.
  • Appropriate deficit size: Aim for a deficit between 0.5 to 1.5% of your body weight, adjusted based on body fat levels.
  • Sufficient protein intake: Consume over 2 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight, with adjustments for lean mass.
  • Volume of cardio: Limit cardio to no more than half the volume of resistance training.


  1. Types of Foods – Dr. Eric Helms: When it comes to food choices, Dr. Helms highlighted the importance of both macronutrients and food quality. While fat loss ultimately boils down to energy balance, certain foods may promote satiety and control hunger signaling more effectively. He recommended focusing on single-ingredient food items, such as fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and quality carbohydrate sources. While some highly processed foods may have a lower thermic effect, it’s crucial to prioritize overall energy balance.
  2. Getting Ultra Shredded – Cliff Wilson: Cliff Wilson, a renowned natural bodybuilding coach, explained the difference between achieving beach lean and getting ultra shredded for competitions. He emphasized that the process is similar, but the degree of consistency and duration required differs. Wilson noted that genetics, gender, and muscle development play a role in stubborn fat areas. However, with continued fat loss efforts, the body eventually taps into these areas.
  3. Mental Roadblocks and Sustainable Approaches – Sohee Lee: Sohee Lee, a sports nutritionist specializing in the psychology of eating behavior, highlighted common mental roadblocks faced during fat loss journeys. Many individuals seek extreme approaches or fad diets instead of considering sustainable strategies aligned with their lifestyle and preferences. Lee emphasized the importance of creating repeatable habits to reduce reliance on self-control. Designing your environment for success, such as making high-calorie foods less accessible, can help support sustainable habits.
  4. Long-Term Weight Maintenance – Dr. Lane Norton: Dr. Lane Norton, a leading expert in diet adherence and weight maintenance, stressed the need for sustainable approaches to prevent weight regain. Dietary adherence is a significant challenge, and no single diet stands out as superior. Dr. Norton emphasized that equating diets for calories reveals similar results. The key lies in finding a sustainable approach that suits an individual’s preferences and supports long-term adherence.



Weight loss is a challenging journey that requires dedication, commitment, and personalized strategies. It’s important to approach it with a long-term perspective, focusing on healthy habits and sustainable lifestyle changes. Remember, there is no one-size-fits-all solution when it comes to weight loss. Each individual’s journey is unique, and finding the right strategy that works for you is key. If you need help finding your way to lose weight feel free to contact me!

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